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Making New Laws: Legislation

In Canada, laws can be created by both the Federal and Provincial governments. These laws are called ‘statutes’ or ‘acts’, for example, the Divorce Act. Acts set out rules for society to follow or they may provide the legal basis for some other government action. This publication focuses on the process at the Federal level, acts created by Parliament.

Acts begin their lives as ‘bills’. A bill must pass through stages before it becomes law.
The following is a basic summary of the stages in the parliamentary phase of the legislative process for public bills (the process may change slightly from time to time).